Oltenia Museum is one of the richest and most beautiful museums in Romania, an important centre of scientific and cultural life. It is also the most representative cultural institution in Wallachia.
The Oltenia Museum in Craiova is one of the richest and most beautiful museums in Romania, an important centre of scientific and cultural life. It is the most representative cultural institution in Wallachia, carrying out its activity in three different sectors: Archaeology and History, Ethnography and Natural Sciences.
On April 1st 1915, a Regional Museum of Antiquities and Ethnography was founded in the building of the Administrative Palace (now housing the County Hall). The Archaeology Section enclosed epigraphic monuments from the Dacian-Roman period, Dacian-Roman, Romanian and primitive prehistoric antiquities, Romanian religious antiquities, old documents, photographs, medals and Dacian, Greek, Roman and Romanian coins. Ethnographic material collected from the country’s villages, such as old Wallachian clothes and traditional costumes or carved wooden household tools, were exhibited in the Ethnography Section (now housed in Casa Băniei). Since 1928, the Regional Museum of Antiquities and Ethnography conjoined with the Natural History Museum, giving birth to the Regional Museum of Oltenia.
Nowadays, the building hosting Oltenia Museum’s headquarters, the monumental Ramuri Palace, also houses the Archaeology and History Section. Here, visitors can enjoy over 20 collections counting approximately 110,000 cultural items, from coins and medals to documents, ceramics, inscriptions, weapons, jewelry, manuscripts, old books, photographs, military objects and newspapers. All these artifacts have been donated by or purchased from great personalities of the Romanian culture and history, such as Iancu Jianu, Mihail Kogălniceanu, Theodor Aman, Traian Demetrescu, Alexandru Macedonski, Nicolae Romanescu or Nicolae Titulescu. Based on this valuable and varied cultural heritage, the museum presents, in a modern vision, the historical destiny of Wallachia, the contribution of this region to the national rebirth and shaping of the Greater Romania.
Tuesday – Sunday: 9:00 – 17:00