The Black Church
The Black Church is the most important sight in Braşov and the largest Gothic – style church in Transylvania, with a capacity of approximately 5000 people. It is also the biggest hall church east of Vienna and one of the largest medieval churches between St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna and Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.
When you stroll through the cobblestone streets of Bucharest’s old centre, you reach a small but incredibly beautiful church dating from the time of Constantin Brâncoveanu and perfectly representing the architectural style and decorations imposed by the Wallachian ruler. This is the Stavropoleos Church, a religious, cultural, artistic and architectural jewel of Romania’s capital.
The Roman Catholic Cathedral of Saint Michael
The Roman Catholic Cathedral of Saint Michael is a symbol of Cluj-Napoca and one of the most representative monuments of the Gothic architecture in Transylvania, similar to the Black Church in Brașov. It impresses through its dimensions, being 70m long and 80m high.
Cluj Napoca Orthodox Cathedral
The huge Orthodox Cathedral in Cluj-Napoca, also known as the Metropolitan Cathedral, was built between 1923 and 1933, in order to celebrate the Union of Transylvania with Romania from 1918. Dedicated to the Dormition of the Theotokos, the church became a cathedral in 1973 and, starting 2006, it is the metropolitan cathedral of Cluj, Alba, Crisana and Maramures.
Caşin Monastery, dedicated to St Archangels Michael and Gabriel, is one of the largest Orthodox churches in Bucharest. The church, which combines the Brâncovenesc style (with columns at the entrance) with the Neo-Byzantin one (mosaics decorations, tall and spacious architecture), took its name from a nearby street, which was named after a village in Moldavia, near Bacău, called Mânăstirea Cașin.
Dragomirna Monastery is the most imposing fortified monastery of Moldavia and one of the most important accomplishments of Moldavian architecture. The Dragomirna complex was founded in 1609 and includes the church, cemetery chapel, cells, abbot’s house and other buildings now housing a museum.
Horezu (Hurezi) Monastery, historical UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an impressive complex of medieval Romanian architecture. Erected between 1690 and 1694 by the Wallachian prince Constantin Brâncoveanu, it is the largest and the most beautiful monastery built in the Brâncovenesc style, a monument of art and architecture.
Pătrăuți Monastery, founded by Stephen the Great in 1487, records the oldest presence of the Moldavian authentic style in architecture. It also holds other records, such as being the oldest monastery founded by Stephen the Great still preserved, the church with the oldest interior and exterior painting, as well as the oldest Orthodox church in Romania to be included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Probota Monastery, founded in 1530 by the Moldavian ruler Petru Rareș, is one of the finest and most important achievements of 16th century Moldavian feudal art and architecture. Petru Rareș’ first church was erected on the spot of an older wooden church, dating from 1398, and a stone one from 1440.
Putna Monastery is an old centre of the arts and learning, one of the most important nuclei of Romanian monasticism. In its symbolism and significance, it is a major centre of eastern Orthodoxy. Founded in 1466-1469 by Stephen the Great as his necropolis, the church has suffered, over the years, radical transformations that changed its initial aspect.
Snagov Monastery is an important feudal religious and historical edifice, built in 1408 on an island situated in the centre of Lake Snagov, near Bucharest. Built by Mircea the Elder, the monastery was said to have been the burial place of Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Ţepeş), also known as Dracula.
St. Nicholas Church
St. Nicholas Church, an important centre of spiritual union of the Romanians and a cradle of national culture and education, is considered to be the first Orthodox Church in Transylvania. Built over a wooden cross dating from 1292, this medieval church was first mentioned in 1399 in a Papal Bull emitted by the Pope Boniface IX, which attested the existence of an Orthodox church here.
Situated in a wonderful natural frame, Văratec Monastery is, without a doubt, one of the best known and visited monasteries in Moldavia. Among the builders of this edifice we do not hear of any ruler or prince of Moldavia, as the tradition speaks about a certain Nun Olimpiada, under whose control starts in 1781 the erection of the first church in Văratec.
The Orthodox Cathedral in Alba Iulia
The Orthodox Cathedral in Alba Iulia is a historical monument of national importance, being a symbol of the country’s reunification in 1918. This imposing church was built between 1921 and 1922 for the coronation of King Ferdinand and Queen Maria on October 15th 1922 and is also known as the Coronation Cathedral or the Reunification Cathedral.
The Saxon fortified churches of Transylvania
The Saxon fortified churches of Transylvania are religious and military assemblies, exquisite architectural masterpieces built in Gothic style. They are situated in the central and southern parts of Transylvania, especially in the surroundings of Sibiu and Sighișoara.
Sucevița Monastery is the most strongly fortified monastery complex in the whole of Moldavia, situated in a particularly picturesque setting. It is the last built and biggest monastery in Bucovina, very well preserved. It was founded by the Movilă brothers in 1581 – 1601: Gheorghe, who became Metropolitan of Suceava, Ieremia and Simion, who later became rulers of Moldavia.
The Wooden Churches of Maramureş
The Wooden Churches of Maramureş are a group of Orthodox churches, eight of which were declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Built in different periods, but maintaining an architectural unity, the Maramureş churches are timber constructions with tall steeples, shingled roofs and large porches.