A town and resort on the shore of the Black Sea, Mangalia developed on the site of the ancient colony of Callatis, founded by the Greeks in the 6th century BC. It had an interesting history, being run in turns by Greeks, Persians, Macedonians, Dacians, Romans, Tatars and Genovese. After the annexation of Dobrogea to Romania in 1878, Mangalia prospered into Romania’s second sea port, after Constanţa. Starting 1962, the town became an important tourist centre after numerous tourism facilities were built.
Tourists coming to Mangalia will find here not only a fine beach, but also treatment facilities. Mangalia is the only coastal resort in which mineral springs can be found and there are opportunities to take special thalassotherapy cures, or treatment with Gerovital and Aslavital, famous Romanian products which prevent premature ageing and reinvigorate the body.
Mangalia Tourist Port is the only port at the Black Sea designed for recreational boats, positioned in a sheltered area suitable for nautical sports, such as yachting and offshore sailing competitions. Other important landmarks of Mangalia are the Archaeology Museum, the Burial Chamber with Psalms, Esmahan Sultan Mosque, the Byzantine Edifice, Navy Museum and Heroes Monument. The town’s cultural life is also very important, as Mangalia is famous for its music, theatre and literature festivals, especially for Callatis Festival.
Three kilometres away from the city you can find a stud farm and a hippodrome, where tourists enjoy equitation classes. Nearby, Mangalia Lake is another alternative to the beach, as you can take boat rides and watch the numerous birds and even turtles.